Atomic Number: 60 Period Number:6 Group Number: none
Neodymium is a soft silvery metal, which belongs to the rare-earth materials. Neodymium is a very popular rare earth element. Although no rarer than cobalt, nickel, or copper ore it is still considered one of the seventeen rare earth materials. It is not found in free form, neodymium is heavily distributed through the earth’s crust. There are five isotopes in nature: 142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd and 148Nd.
Main uses include in glasses, lasers, fertilizer and especially magnets. You typically see them in small products where a strong magnetic field are needed. Similarly, small electric motors and even large wind turbines where permanent magnet generators are used and have the absolute need for the material. Likewise, even the new Toyota Prius use over 2 pounds of neodymium per car. Almost primarily industrial use, it really has a strong following. SkySpring sells it in oxide form, metal, and fluoride form. Below are some characteristics to Neodymium.
Neodymium oxide is an important compound of neodymium. It is widely used in dope glass, such as welding goggles and sunglass. This is because it can turn purple due to the absorbance of green and green light.
Physical and Chemical properties:
Atomic Weight: 144.242
Melting Point: 1294 K
Boiling Point: 3347 K
Density: 7.01 g/cm3
Phase at Room Temperature: Solid
Element Classification: Metal
Ionization Energy: 5.525 eV
Oxidation State: +3