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Bi - Bismuth

Bi - Bismuth

Atomic Number: 83          Period Number:  6         Group Number: 15

Bismuth is a white, brittle metal and was known for a long-time. It exists in nature as bismite (Bi2O3), bismuthinite (Bi2O3) and bismutite [(BiO)2 CO3].

The most common compounds of bismuth is Oxides and Sulfides, such as Bi2O3, Bi2O5, Bi2S3, but none of them has large commercial applications. Bismuth oxide (Bi2O3), a bismuth compound, is used as a yellow pigment in paints and cosmetics. Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) is used to make a pigment known as bismuth white. Bismuth carbonate [Bi2(CO3)3] is used to treat diarrhea and gastric ulcers.

 

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Atomic Number: 83

Atomic Weight: 208.98040

Melting Point: 544.55 K

Boiling Point: 1837 K

Density: 9.807g/cm3

Phase at Room Temperature: Solid

Element Classification: Metal

Ionization Energy: 7.289 eV

Oxidation States: +5, +3

 



See also:

Wikipedia - Basics on Bismuth

WebElements - The basic elements of Bismuth

Jefferson Lab - Learning about Bismuth

 

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